ISSN 2415-8860 (online), ISSN 0372-4123 (print)
logoUkrainian Botanical Journal
  • 3 of 9
Ukr. Bot. J. 2018, 75(1): 33–37
Fungi and Fungi-like Organisms

New for Ukraine species of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from marl limestones in the Northern Black Sea Region

Khodosovtsev O.Ye.1, Darmostuk V.V.1,2

During the recent field season, we focused on lichens and lichenicolous fungi of petrophytic steppe habitats. They are widespread within the Black Sea Lowland in Ukraine. The marl limestones and pure limestone pebbles are outcropped in the central parts of the steppe slopes. The stone surfaces are colonized by pioneer lichen communities where endolithic life forms are mostly imperceptible. The petrophytic steppe habitats are protected in Europe. Six new for Ukraine species of lichens and two species of lichenicolous fungi from these habitats are reported in the article. A lichenicolous fungus, Acaroconium punctiforme, is characterized by subglobose black pycnidia, ampuliform conidiogenous cells, enteroblastic broadly ellipsoid aseptate pale brown conidia and Sarcogyne regularis as a host. Aspicilia subfarinosa has chalky-white thallus with farinose, smooth surface with occasional small cracks. The lichenicolous fungus Lichenochora wasseri s. l. was found on Xanthocarpia lactea. It is a new host for this lichenicolous fungus. Psorotichia montinii has minutely areolate thin crustose to almost powdery blackish thallus, minute invisible apothecia with punctiform discs. Verrucaria bernaicensis is characterized by pale gray, epruinose, areolate or subsquamulose thallus, immersed perithecia, lacking involucrellum, and small ellipsoid ascospores. Verrucaria papillosa differs from V. viridula by its completely endolytic thallus and undeveloped involucrellum. Verrucaria schindleri is similar to V. muralis, but has dark exciple in the lower part. The localities in Ukraine, ecology and distribution data for the new records are provided.

Keywords: Acaroconium, Aspicilia, Lichenochora, Psorotichia, Verrucaria, Ukraine

Full text: PDF (Eng) 2.37M

  1. Breuss O. Verrucaria. In: Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Eds T.H. Nash III, C. Gries,F. Bungartz. Tempe: Arizona State Univ., 2007, vol. 3, pp. 335–377.
  2. Biotopes of the Crimean Mountains. Ed. Ya.P. Didukh. Kyiv: Interservis, 2016, 292 pp.
  3. Egea J.M. Catalogue of lichenized and lichenicolous fungi of Morocco. Bocconea, 1996, 6: 19–114.
  4. Heiðmarsson S., Alstrup V., Högnabba F., Motiejūnaitė J., Nordin A., Pykälä J., Suija A., Timdal E., Westberg M. Floristic news from the NLF Iceland excursion 2009. Graphis Scripta, 2009, 24: 19–25.
  5. Khodosovtsev A.Ye., Redchenko O.O. Ukr. Bot. J., 2002, 59(1): 64–71.
  6. Knežević B., Mayrhofer H. Catalogue of the lichenized and lichenicolous fungi of Montenegro. Phyton, 2009, 48(2): 283–328.
  7. Kocourková J., Hawksworth D.L. Acaroconium punctiforme gen. sp. nov., a new lichenicolous coelomycete on Acarospora species and Sarcogyne regularis. Lichenologist, 2008, 40(2): 105–109.
  8. Liska J., Palice Z., Slavikova S. Checklist and Red List of lichens of the Czech Republic. Preslia, 2008, 80(2): 151–182.
  9. Malbranche A. Lichens de la Normandie ou Catalogue descriptif des Lichens de cette région, classés d'après la méthode du docteur Nylander. Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Natur. Musée de Rouen, 1869: 335–369.
  10. Navarro-Rosinés P., Boqueras M., Roux C. Nuevos datos para el género Lichenochora (Phyllachorales, Ascomicetes liquenícolas). Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 1998, 49: 107–124.
  11. Navrotskaya I.L., Kondratyuk S.Ya., Wasser S.P., Nevo E., Zelenko S.D. Lichens and lichenicolous fungi new for Israel and other countries. Israel J. Plant Sci., 1996, 44(2–3): 181–193.
  12. Nordin A., Savic S., Tibell L. Phylogeny and taxonomy of Aspicilia and Megasporaceae. Mycologia, 2010, 102(6): 1339–1349.
  13. Orange A. The Verrucaria fuscella group in Great Britain and Ireland. Lichenologist, 2004, 36(2): 173–182.
  14. Roux C. Liste des lichens et champignons lichénicoles de France. Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 2012, 16: 1–220.
  15. Şenkardeşler A., Sohrabi M. Aspicilia subfarinosa, the correct name for A. substerilis. Mycotaxon, 2011, 115(1): 99–106.
  16. Schultz M. Psorotichia. In: Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Eds T.H. Nash III, C. Gries, F. Bungartz. Tempe: Arizona State Univ., 2007, vol. 3, pp. 279–284.
  17. Schultz M., Aptroot A. Notes on poorly known, small cyanobacterial lichens from predominantly wet tropical to subtropical regions. Sauteria, 2008, 15: 433–458.
  18. Servít M. Species novae generis lichenum Verrucaria. Vestn. Kral. Ceske Spolecn. Nauk, 1948, 10: 1–20.
  19. Søchting U., Alstrup V. Danish lichen checklist. København: Museum Tusculanum, 2008, 46 pp.
  20. Strasser E.A., Hafellner J., Stešević D., Geci F., Mayrhofer H. Lichenized and lichenicolous fungi from the Albanian Alps (Kosovo, Montenegro). Herzogia, 2015, 28(2): 520–544.
  21. Urbanavichus G., Urbanavichene I. New records of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Ural Mountains, Russia. Folia Cryptogam. Estonica, 2011, 48: 119–124.
  22. Urbanavichus G., Urbanavichene I. New records of pyrenocarpous lichens from the NW Caucasus (Russia). Herzogia, 2013, 26: 123–129.
  23. Urbanavichus G., Urbanavichene I. An inventory of the lichen flora of Lagonaki Highland (NW Caucasus, Russia). Herzogia, 2014, 27: 285–319.
  24. Wirth V., Hauck M., von Brackel W., Cezanne R., de Bruyn U., Dürhammer O., Eichler M., Gnüchtel A., Litterski B., Otte V., Schiefelbein U., Scholz P., Schultz M., Stordeur R., Feuerer T., Heinrich D., John V. Checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi in Germany. Göttingen: Georg August Univ. Göttingen, 2010, 236 pp.