Results of the Second Ukrainian Scientific-theoretical Conference «Classification of vegetation and habitats of Ukraine as a scientific basis for biodiversity conservation» held on March 14–15, 2016 are presented. The Conference was organized by M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine (Department of Geobotany and Ecology) and the Ukrainian Botanical Society (section of Geobotany and Ecology). There were three main topics of the presentations at the Conference: classification of vegetation of Ukraine in the context of preparation of large-scale classification of vegetation of Europe (EuroChecklist) and the Checklist of vegetation of Ukraine; development of the syntaxonomic database (UkrVeg) as a basis of the vegetation and habitat classification of Ukraine and its integration into European Vegetation Archive (EVA), Global Index of Vegetation-Plot Database (GIVD); habitats of Ukraine, their classification, use in ecological network functioning, biodiversity conservation and counteraction of negative effects on the environment. The conference revealed a number of problems that need to be solved. It is necessary to create a complete database of geobotanical descriptions of vegetation of Ukraine (UkrVeg), which would represent all classes of vegetation and unified key concepts, terms, definitions regarding the habitats and other categories. The Conference adopted a resolution and outlined the main directions of geobotany in Ukraine.
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