ISSN 2415-8860 (online), ISSN 0372-4123 (print)
logoUkrainian Botanical Journal
  • 7 of 9
Ukr. Bot. J. 2019, 76(5): 445–450
Mycological Records

First records of Puccinia bornmuelleri (Pucciniales) in Ukraine

Tykhonenko Yu.Ya., Hayova V.P.

A new for Ukraine rust fungus Puccinia bornmuelleri was recorded on Levisticum officinale in garden plots of two villages in Kyiv Region, Ukraine in June 2019. This fungus was first collected by J. Bornmüller in Iran in 1892 and described by P. Magnus in 1899. Until the end of the 20th century the species has been reported exclusively from Iran and Afghanistan, but from 2000 onwards it has been found in several countries in Central Europe. By now P. bornmuelleri is known in Austria, the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and Ukraine (current report). The recent spread of this fungus in Europe may have been accelerated by the ongoing climate change. Data on restricted distribution of P. bornmuelleri before the 21st century give evidence in favor of the hypothesis that the natural range of L. officinale is confined to Iran and Afghanistan. Examination by SEM revealed that echinulations of the wall surface of urediniospores are restricted mainly to their apical parts. In addition to already known phenological data, freshly emerged spermogonia and primary uredinia were observed in the first decade of September on the late summer offshoots of lovage. This phenomenon implies the possibility of teliospores germination without overwintering since spermogonia can only originate from basidiospores infection. The article is illustrated by original micrographs obtained using light and scanning electron microscopy.

Keywords: distribution, Levisticum officinale, morphology, phenology, rust fungi

Full text: PDF (Eng) 10M

  1. Anderberg A., Anderberg A.L. 2000. Den virtuella floran. Elektronisk publikation, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm. Available at: (Accessed 17 September 2019).
  2. Blamey M., Grey-Wilson C. 1989. Illustrated Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 544 pp.
  3. Boomsluiter M. 2018. Nieuwe soorten paddenstoelen in 2017. Kijk op Exoten, 23: 6.
  4. Dörfelt H., Ruske E. 2011. Studien zum Entwicklungszyklus des Rostpilzes Puccinia bornmuelleri. Boletus, 33(1): 35–44.
  5. Magnus P. 1899. J. Bornmüller. Iter Persico-turcicum 1892/93. Fungi. Pars II. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Pilze des Orients. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 49: 87–103.
  6. Müller J., Šafránková I. 2007. Occurrence of Puccinia bornmuelleri Magnus in the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendeleianae Brunensis, 55(2): 95–98.
  7. Petrak F. 1966 (publ. 1968). Kleine Beiträge zur Ustilagineen- und Uredineenflora von Afghanistan und Pakistan. Sydowia, 20(1–6): 278–287.
  8. Plenk A., Bedlan G. 2009. First report of Puccinia bornmuelleri on Levisticum officinale (lovage) in Austria. New Disease Reports, 20: 17.
  9. Plant Parasites of Europe. 2001–2019. Available at: (Accessed 17 September 2019).
  10. Riegler-Hager H. 2011. Erstnachweis von Puccinia bornmuelleri Magnus in Kärnten. Carinthia II, 201/121: 383–386.
  11. Ruske E., Dörfelt H. 2011. Puccinia bornmuelleri – neu für Deutschland. Zeitschrift für Mykologie, 77(1): 61–70.
  12. Tănase C., Gjærum H.B., Constantinescu O. 2007. Puccinia bornmuelleri on cultivated Levisticum. Mycologia Balcanica, 4: 75–76.
  13. Wołczańska A., Wójciak H. 2010. First report of Puccinia bornmuelleri causing rust disease of lovage in Poland. New Disease Reports, 21: 13.