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Ukr. Bot. J. 2014, 71(5): 581–589
https://doi.org/10.15407/ukrbotj71.05.581
Plant Taxonomy, Geography and Floristics

Karyotypes of species of the genus Iris from the flora of Ukraine

M.O. Twardovska, I.O. Andreev, V.A. Kunakh
Abstract

The published data on the chromosome numbers of 16 species of the genus Iris L. from the Ukrainian flora are reviewed. Chromosome numbers of these species are ranged from 2n=16 to 2n=108. Most of the species thus far studied cytologically are of polyploid origin. The features of the karyotype of individual species of the genus are examined. The need is discussed for further research using modern methods of molecular cytogenetic analysis, which allow to come close to understanding features of evolution of the genus Iris, as well as to shed light on the problems of classification of its taxa.

Keywords: genus Iris, karyological analysis, chromosome number, polyploidy, disploidy

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