The present communication reports substantial activity of gluconeogenic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase; EC 22.214.171.124) in three common heterosporous aquatic ferns (Marsilea minuta, Salvinia natans, and Azolla pinnata) and also describes a protocol for its partial purification from mature sporocarps of Marsilea minuta. The cytosolic FBPase, obtained from Marsilea minuta, Salvinia natans, and Azolla pinnata was recognized as gluconeogenic enzyme due to its drastic catabolic inactivation in presence of externally administered glucose and its insensitivity towards photosynthetic light illumination. Cytosolic gluconeogenic FBPase was partially purified from mature sporocarps of Marsilea minuta to about 22-fold over homogenate following low-speed centrifugation (11, 400 × g), 30–80% ammonium sulfate fractionation followed by subsequent chromatography using matrices like CM-Cellulose, Sephadex G-200, and Ultrogel AcA 34. The profile of partially purified FBPase in PAGE under non-denaturing condition was recorded. The enzyme activity increased linearly with respect to protein concentration to about 100 µg and with respect to time up to 75 minutes. Temperature optimum was found at 35 °C. The effect of substrate concentration and kinetic analyses for FBPase were carried out using D-fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (D-FBP, the substrate) in the range of 0.0 to 1.0 mM at an interval of 0.1 mM concentration. The Km value for D-FBP of FBPase was 0.06129 mM and Vmax was 4525 nmole Pi released (mg)-1 protein h-1 as determined by nonlinear regression kinetics using Prism 8 software (Graph Pad). The enzyme was functional in a constricted pH range of 7.0 to 8.0, giving maxima at pH 7.5. This cytosolic enzyme was significantly stimulated by Mg2+ and strongly inhibited by Hg2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+.
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