According to the Statute of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (UAS) of November 1918, the National Botanical Museum and the Herbarium were the first to be created among scientific institutions at the Academy. It had to become a scientific basis for conducting large-scale studies of the flora and vegetation of Ukraine and beyond. Through a series of irresistible historical circumstances, this institution began to function only at the end of 1921. Until recently, it was believed that during 1918–1921, when the National Botanical Museum and the Herbarium did not function due to the lack of premises, staff and funding, accumulation of funds was not carried out. In 2017, among the reserve materials of the National Herbarium of Ukraine – the Herbarium of the M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the NAS of Ukraine (KW), a herbarium album was discovered. This was a collection of herbarium specimens given in 1920 as a gift for the future Botanical Collection by the Head of the UAS Office, a well-known Ukrainian Orientalist P. Loziev. After studying these materials it was established that P. Loziev was not the collector of this set of plant specimens; the herbarium album belonged to the Cherkasy Forestry School which functioned in 1888–1920 in Ruska Polyana village (now Cherkasy District, Cherkasy Region). At that School, students were trained in forestry under the guidance of local foresters for two years. The album containing specimens of the natural flora and cultivated plants collected in vicinities of Ruska Polyana in 1900–1910 was prepared as a teaching resource for students of the School. At present, it comprises 190 herbarium specimens of the flora of Ukraine. This collection came to P. Loziev most likely during one of the ethnographic expeditions in Cherkasy Region in 1920, when the School ceased to function. Thus, the herbarium album donated by P. Loziev for the future National Botanical Museum and Herbarium is an important document of the history of the National Herbarium of Ukraine (KW).
Supplementary Material. Electronic Supplement (Table E1, Figure E1, pp. e1–e2) is available in the online version of this article below.
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