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Ukr. Bot. J. 2018, 75(5): 457–469
https://doi.org/10.15407/ukrbotj75.05.457
Vegetation Science, Ecology, Conservation

Projected Kuialnytsky National Nature Park as a basis for optimization of the environment and sustainable development of the region

Dubyna D.V.1,2, Ennan A.A.-A.2, Dziuba T.P.1,2, Vakarenko L.P.1,2, Shykhaleyeva G.M.2, Kiryushkina A.M.2
Abstract

The article highlights major issues of the strategy for biodiversity conservation of the unique natural and historical complex, the Kuialnyk Estuary valley. We have suggested the ways and methods of its preservation under conditions of excessive increase of anthropogenic influence. Establishment of a nature conservation area of the highest category, Kuialnytsky National Nature Park, is justified. Alternatively, organization of a Kuialnytsky state resort is discussed regarding environmental protection of the territory. It is emphasized that a status of the state resort cannot provide protection of biodiversity and is therefore unacceptable for solving environmental problems in the region. In the article, analysis of the earlier published functional zoning of the park territory and its importance in the current conditions are highlighted. A brief description of phytodiversity and its structural elements is given. The most important and immediate measures for biodiversity protection in the park are indicated as a basis for harmonization of the environment and sustainable development of the region. A special feature of the zoning of the projected park is its focus on the protection and maintenance of the recreational and balneological potential of the Kuialnyk Estuary. With regard to the current state of biodiversity of the natural and historical complex of the Kuialnyk Estuary, the territory is proposed to be subdivided into four functional zones: protected area (4482.0 ha), regulated recreation (8987.0), stationary recreation (738.0), and a zone for traditional land use (29738.0). A map of the functional zoning of the projected Kuialnytsky National Nature Park is provided.

Keywords: National Nature Park, functional zoning, Kuialnyk Estuary, flora, vegetation, conservation, recreation, balneological resort

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 1.47M

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