ISSN 2415-8860 (Online), ISSN 0372-4123 (Print)
logoUkrainian Botanical Journal
  • 5 of 8
Ukr. Bot. J. 2018, 75(4): 348–355
Fungi and Fungi-like Organisms

Wood decay fungi on logs of Fagus sylvatica (Fagaceae) in the forests of Hutsulshchyna National Nature Park

Pasailiuk M.V.

The article provides results of the research on the diversity of wood-inhabiting macrofungi on decaying trees and lying logs in beech forests within the protected zone and zone of regulated recreation in Hutsulshchyna National Nature Park. The species composition and community structure of xylotrophic fungi on deadwood of Fagus sylvatica was studied at each of five stages of wood decay. Altogether, 50 species of fungi and fungi-like organisms of various taxonomic groups were identified. Taxonomic structure of wood-inhabiting fungi on dead beech wood of four stages of wood decay at the level of order was analyzed and illustrated. Species of the order Polyporales were the dominant taxonomic group at all wood decomposing stages. Species richness at all stages was also analyzed. Species of fungi specific for each decaying stage are indicated. The most numerous were lignin-degrading fungi; those decomposing cellulose dominated at the final stages of wood decay. Some species of fungi were recorded only at one stage of wood decomposing while fruit bodies of other species were observed during the subsequent stages, from the second or third to the last one. Lower species diversity of fungal communities can be explained by lack of dead standing or lying trees in the forests. A find of Dentipellis fragilis, an indicator of the European primeval beech forests, is reported. Hericium coralloides, a species listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, was recorded on a beech log at the fifth stage of wood decay in the protected area, Kamenysty forest parcel.

Keywords: Polyporales, wood-inhabiting fungi, macrofungi, wood decay stage, protected area

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 795K

  1. Anderson R. Hypoxylon in Britain and Ireland 3. Hypoxylon other than the H. rubiginosum group. Field Mycology, 2009, 9(3): 97–103.
  2. Baral H.O. Key to Ascocoryne. 2000, October: 1–6, available at:
  3. Breitenbach J., Kränzlin F. Pilze der Schweiz, Band 2, Heterobasidiomycetes, Aphyllophorales, Gastromycetes. Luzern: Verlag Mykologia, 1986, 177 pp.
  4. Bryndina E.V. In: Sovremennye problemy populyatsionnoy, istoricheskoy i prikladnoy ekologii (Contemporary problems of population, historical and applied ecology: the workshop materials, Yekaterinburg). Yekaterinburg, 1998, pp. 31– 41.
  5. Bryndina E.V. Wood decomposition by xylotrophic basidiomycetes under the conditions of technogenic load. Yekaterinburg, 2000, 41 pp.
  6. Chernyavskyi M., Izhyk H. Visnyk of Lviv University. Ser. geographic, 2014, 45: 144–149.
  7. Chervona knyha Ukrainy. Roslynnyi svit (Red Data Book of Ukraine. Vegetable Kingdom). Ed. Ya.P. Didukh. Kyiv: Globalkonsaltyng, 2009, 912 pp.
  8. Christensen M., Heilmann-Clausen J., Walleyn R., Adamchik S. Wood-inhabiting fungi as indicators of nature value in European beech forests. In: Monitoring and indicators of forest biodiversity in Europe – from ideas to operationality. Ed. M. Marchetti. EFI Proceedings, 2004, 51: 229–237.
  9. Danilyak N.I., Semichaevskiy V.D., Dudchenko L.G., Trutneva I.A. Fermentnye sistemy vysshikh bazidiomitsetov. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1989, 280 pp.
  10. Declercq B. The Sordariomycetes (Ascomycota) in Western Europe. Key to the species. Axelsvaardeken, 2011, 230 pp.
  11. Dennis R.W.G. British Ascomycetes. 2nd edition. Vaduz: J. Cramer, 1978, 485 pp.
  12. Dennis R.W.G. British Ascomycetes. Vaduz: J. Cramer, 1981, 485 pp.
  13. Doi Y. Some species of the genus Hypocrea (2). Bull. Natl. Sci. Museum Tokyo, Japan, 1971, 14: 649–751.
  14. Doi Y. Revision of the Hypocreales with cultural observations IV. The genus Hypocrea and its allies in Japan (2). Enumeration of the species. Bull. Natl. Sci. Museum Tokyo, Japan, 1972, 15: 649–751.
  15. Doi Y. Revision of the Hypocreales with cultural observations VII. The genus Hypocrea and its allied genera in South America (1). Bull. Natl. Sci. Museum Tokyo, Japan. Ser. B, Botany, 1975, 1: 1–33.
  16. Domansky St. Grzyby zasiedlajace drewno w Puszezy Bialowieskiej. VI Antrodia ramentaceae (Berk & Br.) Donk. Wood-inhabiting fungi in Bialowieza virgin forests in Poland VI. Antrodia ramentaceae (Berk. & Br.) Donk. Acta societatis Botanicorum poloniae, 1969, 38(1): 57–68.
  17. Dremova N.A. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, 2014, 2: 158–161.
  18. Dudka I.A., Wasser S.P. Griby. Spravochnik mikologa i gribnika. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1987, 535 pp.
  19. Fokshey S.I. Ukr. Bot. J., 2016, 73(2): 72–77.
  20. Fungi of Switzerland. Eds J. Breitenbach, F. Kranzlin. Luzern: Verlag Mycologia, 1984, 310 pp.
  21. Gilbertson RL, Ryvarden L. North American polypores. Abortiporus to Lindtneria. Oslo: Fungiflora, 1986, vol. 1, 433 pp.
  22. Glawe D.A., Rogers J.D. Diatrypaceae in the Pacific Northwest. Mycotaxon, 1984, 20: 401–460.
  23. Gordienko P.V. Ecological features of wood-destroying fungi in the forest biocenoses of the Middle Sikhote-Alin Region: Cand. Sci. Diss. Abstract. Moscow, 1979, 20 pp.
  24. Khacheva S.I. Scientific notes of Kazan University (Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta), 2015, 157: 75–89.
  25. Kibbi J. Atlas gribov: Opredelitel vidov. St. Petersburg: Amfora, 2009, 269 pp.
  26. Kirk P.M., Cannon P.F., Minter D.W., Stalpers J.A. Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th edition. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publ., 2008, 84 pp.
  27. Kirk P.M., Cannon P.F., David J.C., Stalpers J.A. Dictionary of the fungi. 9th edition. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publ., 2001, 390 pp.
  28. Kovalyov V.V. In: Biolohiya: vid molekuly do biosfery: mat. VIII Mizhnar. nauk. konf. molodykh uchenykh (Biology: From the Molecule to the Biosphere: mat. of the VIII Inter. sci. conf. of young scientists). Kharkiv: FOP Shapovalova, 2013, pp. 270–271.
  29. Litopys pryrody natsionalnoho pryrodnoho parku Hutsulshchyna. Kosiv, 2014, vol. 11, 825 pp.
  30. Liu C.H., Chang J.H., Chen Y.F. Myxomycetes of Taiwan (XVIII): The Family Enteridiaceae. Taiwania, 2006, 51(4): 273–278.
  31. Malanyuk V.B. Chornomors’k. bot. z., 2013, 9(1):117–125.
  32. Malysheva V.F. Mycology and Phytopathology (Mikologiya i fitopatologiya), 2012, 46(6): 365–376.
  33. Medardi G. Atlante fotografico degli Ascomiceti d'Italia. A.M.B. Fondazione: Centro Sttudi Micologici. Pág, 2006, 325 pp.
  34. Michelotti S., Guglielmo F.P. Detection of the wood decay ascomycete Kretzschmaria deusta in urban maple trees in Italy. Gonthier J. Plant Pathology, 2012, 94(4): 85–105.
  35. Molotkov P.I. Posibnyk karpatskoho lisivnyka. Uzhhorod: Karpaty, 1980, 336 pp.
  36. Moser M. Keys to Agarics and Boleti (Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales). London: R. Phillips, 1978, 535 pp.
  37. Pogribnyj O.O., Malanyuk V.B., Zayachuk V.Ya. Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy (Scientific Bulletin of UNFU), 2013, 23.13: 55–64.
  38. Rossman A.Y., Samuels G.J., Rogerson C.T., Lowen R. Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Studies in Mycology, 1999, 42: 1–248.
  39. Ryvarden L. Genera of polypores: nomenclature and taxonomy. Synopsis Fungorum 5. Oslo: Fungiflora, 1991, 363 pp.
  40. Ryvarden L. Gilbertson RL. European polypores. Synopsis Fungorum 6. Oslo: Fungiflora, 1993, 741 pp.
  41. Stephenson S.L., Stempen H. Myxomycetes A Handbook of Slime Molds. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press Inc., 1994, 200 pp.
  42. Tykhonenko Yu.Ya., Heluta V.P. Ukr. Bot. J., 2014, 71(4): 489–495.
  43. Vasilyeva L.N., Stephenson S.L. The genus Diatrype (Ascomycota, Diatrypaceae) in Arkansas and Texas (USA). Mycotaxon, 2009, 107: 307–313.
  44. Wang C.J.K, Zabel R.A. Identification manual for fungi from utility poles in the eastern United States. American Type Culture Collection. Rockville, Maryland, 1990, 356 pp.
  45. Wojewoda W. Polish Tulasnellales III. Tulasnella violacea (Johan-Olsen ap. Bref.) Juel. Acta mycologica, 1986, 22(1): 99–102.
  46. Wollweber H., Stadler M. Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Daldinia in Deutschland und Europa. Zeitschrift für Mykologie, 2001, 67(1): 3–53.
  47. Zerova M.Ya., Sosin P.Ye., Rozhenko G.L. Vyznachnyk hrybiv Ukrainy. Bazydiomitsety. Knyha 2. Boletalni, strobilomitsetalni, trikholomatalni. entolomatalni, rusulalni, agarikalni, gasteromitsety (Handbook of the Fungi of Ukraine. Basidiomycetes. Book 2. Boletales, Strobilomycetales, Tricholomatales, Entolomatales, Russulales, Agaricales, Gasteromycetes). Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 1979, 565 pp.